- To estimate how frequently adults in the United States drive while impaired by alcohol.
- Telephone survey.
- The 49 states (and the District of Columbia) that participated in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1993.
- A total of 102 263 noninstitutionalized adults aged 18 years or older.
- The percentage of respondents who reported alcohol-impaired driving ; number of episodes of alcohol-impaired driving per 1000 adult population ; and total number of episodes of alcohol-impaired driving-each by age, sex, race, level of education, and state.
- Overall, 2.5% of adults reported an estimated 123 million episodes of alcohol-impaired driving in 1993.
This corresponds to 655 episodes of alcohol-impaired driving for each 1000 adults (range among states per 1000 adults, 165-1550).
Alcohol-impaired driving was most frequent among men aged 21 to 34 years (1739 episodes per 1000 adults) and was nearly as frequent among men aged 18 to 20 years (1623 episodes per 1000 adults), despite legislation in all states that prohibited the sale of alcohol to persons younger than age 21 years in 1993.
- Alcohol-impaired driving is common even among underage persons. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Association, Conduite véhicule, Prévalence, Etude multicentrique, Analyse statistique, Critère âge, Estimation proportion, Facteur risque, Prévention, Homme, Politique sanitaire, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Association, Vehicle driving, Prevalence, Multicenter study, Statistical analysis, Age criterion, Proportion estimation, Risk factor, Prevention, Human, Health policy, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0127067
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 21/05/1997.