The relation between concentration of blood lead and ethnic background in 779 children was examined with the analytical results from the trace element service at the Medical Toxicology Unit (MTU), Guy's and St Thomas's Hospital Trust for the period 1980-94.
The ethnic identity was determined with the first and the second names of the investigated subjects.
Of the patients of European origin (European) studied 72.8% v only 50.6% of the children with origins in the Indian subcontinent (Asian) had a concentration of blood lead<100 mug/l. The percentage of subgroups with concentrations above the upper acceptable limit of 200 mug/l was significantly higher in Asian subjects (European 5% v Asian 26.5%), with the most pronounced difference in those with concentrations of blood lead of 500 mug/l (European 0.8% v Asian 10.5%). This study shows that a correlation exists between Asian ethnic background and concentration of blood lead in children.
Factors such as cultural habits-for example, use of traditional remedies, cosmetics, diet-and socioeconomic status, may have contributed to this result.
Mots-clés Pascal : Plomb, Métal lourd, Taux, Médecine traditionnelle, Statut socioéconomique, Sang, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Ethnie, Race, Royaume Uni, Europe, Polluant, Environnement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lead, Heavy metal, Rate, Folk medicine, Socioeconomic status, Blood, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Ethnic group, Race, United Kingdom, Europe, Pollutant, Environment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0126279
Code Inist : 002B03M01. Création : 21/05/1997.