In-patient psychiatric referrals in a teaching hospital : A case controlled report.
The 77 (47 females, 30 males) in-patient referrals to the Psychiatric Department of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, over a 1-year period, were compared with a control sample of 75 (45 females, 30 males) unreferred patients.
The low referral rate of 0.8%, after excluding deliberate self-harm (relatively infrequent in Nigeria), was comparable to reports in Western literature.
Treatable minor psychiatric morbidity, mainly anxiety and depressive disorders, occurred in 41.3% of the controls.
Sixty-eight percent of those referred had definite mental disorders, most commonly psychoses (50.7%), especially delirium (29.9%). Infectious disorders, notably Salmonella typhi infection, were the most predominant physical etiological factors.
The results are discussed and the implications highlighted.
Mots-clés Pascal : Orientation, Malade, Trouble psychiatrique, Hôpital, Nigéria, Afrique, Diagnostic, Santé mentale, Homme, Filière soins
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Orientation, Patient, Mental disorder, Hospital, Nigeria, Africa, Diagnosis, Mental health, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0125493
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 21/05/1997.