Community-based studies of body image concepts can be useful for developing health interventions to prevent obesity-related diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease in specific populations.
First Nations peoples, in particular, face increased obesity-related health problems as a result of acculturative changes in diet and activity.
This study examined body shape perception in an Ojibway-Cree community in Northern Ontario, Canada.
A set of figure outline drawings ranging from very thin to very obese were used to examine perceived body shape, body shape satisfaction and ideals of healthiness across sex and age groups.
Overall, only 16% of the population were satisfied with their current body shape.
People with a higher body mass index (BMI) were less satisfied with their bodies and thought they were less healthy than people with a lower BMI.
While females had a significantly greater BMI than males, males and females did not differ significantly in perception of current body shape.
On the other hand, females desired relatively smaller body shapes than males (P<0.05).
Older people chose significantly larger healthy body shapes than did younger people (P<0.05).
Differences between our results and those reported for Anglo populations indicate that while both groups prefer body shapes smaller than those they have currently, the Ojibway-Cree tend to prefer relatively larger body shapes. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Amérindien, Autochtone, Image corporelle, Perception corporelle, Indice masse corporelle, Santé, Satisfaction, Homme, Age, Sexe, Cree, Ojibwa
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Canada, North America, America, Amerindian, Autochtonous, Body image, Body perception, Body mass index, Health, Satisfaction, Human, Age, Sex
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0122624
Code Inist : 002A26G07. Création : 21/05/1997.