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  1. Cultural theory and risk perception : Validity and utility explored in the French context.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Radiation risk, risk perception and social constructions. Workshop. Oslo (NOR), 1995/10/19.

    Explaining perceived risk can draw upon factors related to the person (e.g. demographics, personality, social/professional status, political orientation), or to the risk source (e.g. health impacts, economic effects).

    According to Cultural Theory risk perceptions are culturally biased.

    Wildavsky and Dake operationalised the Cultural Theory with questionnaire scales and found that resulting'cultural profiles'best predict individual differences in risk perception.

    A French version of their questionnaire was inserted into a representative national risk opinion survey of May 1993 ; 1022 adults (age 18 and over) were interviewed.

    Major results are presented

    The four cultural scales (hierarchy, egalitarianism, fatalism and individualism) show high correlations with political orientation as expected, but also with, for example, age, gender, income and education level.

    However, scale relationships to perceptions of risk situations (twenty, mainly technological) are not as strong as expected.

    Sjöberg found similar results in Sweden

    The utility of the existing operationalisation of Cultural Theory for risk perception analysis is discussed.

    Mots-clés Pascal : France, Europe, Aspect culturel, Analyse risque, Enquête opinion, Impact social, Aspect politique, Etude comparative, Suède, Comportement individuel, Estimation paramètre, Pollution chimique, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Déchet radioactif, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : France, Europe, Cultural aspect, Risk analysis, Opinion inquiry, Social impact, Political aspect, Comparative study, Sweden, Individual behavior, Parameter estimation, Chemical pollution, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Radioactive waste, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0122520

    Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.