Cultural theory and risk perception : Validity and utility explored in the French context.
Radiation risk, risk perception and social constructions. Workshop. Oslo (NOR), 1995/10/19.
Explaining perceived risk can draw upon factors related to the person (e.g. demographics, personality, social/professional status, political orientation), or to the risk source (e.g. health impacts, economic effects).
According to Cultural Theory risk perceptions are culturally biased.
Wildavsky and Dake operationalised the Cultural Theory with questionnaire scales and found that resulting'cultural profiles'best predict individual differences in risk perception.
A French version of their questionnaire was inserted into a representative national risk opinion survey of May 1993 ; 1022 adults (age 18 and over) were interviewed.
Major results are presented
The four cultural scales (hierarchy, egalitarianism, fatalism and individualism) show high correlations with political orientation as expected, but also with, for example, age, gender, income and education level.
However, scale relationships to perceptions of risk situations (twenty, mainly technological) are not as strong as expected.
Sjöberg found similar results in Sweden
The utility of the existing operationalisation of Cultural Theory for risk perception analysis is discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : France, Europe, Aspect culturel, Analyse risque, Enquête opinion, Impact social, Aspect politique, Etude comparative, Suède, Comportement individuel, Estimation paramètre, Pollution chimique, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Déchet radioactif, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : France, Europe, Cultural aspect, Risk analysis, Opinion inquiry, Social impact, Political aspect, Comparative study, Sweden, Individual behavior, Parameter estimation, Chemical pollution, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Radioactive waste, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0122520
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.