Radiation risk, risk perception and social constructions. Workshop. Oslo (NOR), 1995/10/19.
A survey with a representative sample of the adult Norwegian population reveals that the public is concerned about the health effects of electromagnetic fields ; almost 2/3 of the population regard health effects as a likely consequence if exposed, the level of exposure is regarded as higher today than previously, and a clear majority now consider the fields to be more dangerous than they formerly believed.
Despite this general concern, fewer consider personal effects to be probable ; approximately one of six reports concern for personal injuries due to the fields.
Further, the reported will to act in situations of known exposure from a (hypothetical) power line nearby is high, either by gathering information or putting up shielding against the fields.
More concerned parts of the public also show a more committed engagement including a higher willingness to make economic sacrifices for limiting the fields.
There are special features of risk perception across the sample, and gender differences are particularly prominent.
Women regard health effects more probable, and respond more strongly to situations of known exposure.
People living near to power lines seem to be more aware of the fields, but at the same time cancer is regarded less probable by this group.
Mots-clés Pascal : Champ électromagnétique, Analyse risque, Norvège, Europe, Impact social, Ligne électrique, Blindage, Radioprotection, Effet biologique, Enquête opinion, Connaissance, Source rayonnement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Electromagnetic field, Risk analysis, Norway, Europe, Social impact, Power transmission line, Shielding, Radioprotection, Biological effect, Opinion inquiry, Knowledge, Radiation source
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0122519
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.