Social intervention and risk reduction : Indirect countermeasures.
Radiation risk, risk perception and social constructions. Workshop. Oslo (NOR), 1995/10/19.
An An indirect countermeasure (IC) is an action which is intended to mitigate detrimental effects experienced by individuals or the community after an accident.
Indirect countermeasures (ICs) achieve this, not by averting radiation risks arising from the accident, but by removing or reducing other risks and sources of stress or harm to which the community may be subject.
ICs naturally fall into two categories : social action ICs, which range from introducing compensation payments to providing information centres ; and risk reducing ICs which mitigate risks to which the population might be exposed, such as radon.
By including a consideration of ICs in an assessment of the optimal response, it is likely that a decision maker will become aware of a greater range of harms and benefits that might result from the application of a countermeasure.
The decision maker will then be in a better position to judge the appropriateness of any action.
Mots-clés Pascal : Radioprotection, Facteur risque, Impact social, Centre information, Radiocontamination, Irradiation(personne), Dose rayonnement, Atténuation, Manipulation, Communication information, Analyse avantage coût, Accident nucléaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radioprotection, Risk factor, Social impact, Information center, Radioactive contamination, Radiation exposure(person), Radiation dose, Attenuation, Manipulation, Information communication, Cost benefit analysis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0122518
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.