Counting the cost of social disadvantage in primary care : retrospective analysis of patient data.
To cost the relation between socioeconomic status and various measures of primary care workload and assess the adequacy of current « deprivation » payments in relation to actual costings for patients living in qualifying areas.
Retrospective data on primary care were collected over a 4.5 year period from both computerised and manually filed records.
Standardised data on socioeconomic status were obtained by postal questionnaire.
Inner city group practice with a socioeconomically diverse population.
382 male and female subjects of all ages, with a total of 1296 person years of observation.
Main outcome measures
Primary care costs resulting from consultations with a general practitioner or a practice nurse and both new and repeat prescriptions.
Morbidity, workload, and costs of drug treatment increased with decreasing socioeconomic status.
The difference in cost for patients in social classes IV and V combined compared with those in I and II combined was about £150 per person year at risk (£47 for workload and £103 for drugs).
Deprivation payments met only half the extra workload cost for patients from qualifying wards.
The greater workload caused by social disadvantage has been previously underestimated by simple consultation rates.
The absolute difference in costs for socially disadvantaged patients increases as more detailed measures of workload and drug treatment are included. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Soin santé primaire, Coût, Statut socioéconomique, Charge travail, Chimiothérapie, Economie santé, Privation, Paiement, Analyse assistée, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Primary health care, Costs, Socioeconomic status, Workload, Chemotherapy, Health economy, Deprivation, Payment, Computer aided analysis, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0122274
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 21/05/1997.