The incidence of measles declined rapidly in Taiwan after the introduction of the measles vaccine into the routine immunization schedule in 1978.
However, an epidemic still occurred every 3-5 years until recently.
A nationwide measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) revaccination program for school and preschool children has been in place since 1992 to control the indigenous transmission of measles.
In order to understand the current immune status after this recent nationwide revaccination program, we determined the presence of measles IgG antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 1,281 blood samples from healthy persons aged from 2 months to above 30 years collected between 1993 and 1995, and also in another batch of 90 sera samples from children aged 2 years collected before 1992.
The results showed that 1) the measles antibody seropositive rate (36.4%) was lowest in children aged 5-7 months and rose to an unexpectedly high level of 85.8% at the age of 12-14 months, 2) the seropositive rate rose further to between 85.9% and 95.1% after 2 years of age and remained high in adults and pregnant women, and 3) the seropositive rate of the 2-year-old children collected before 1992 was 61.4%, which was significantly lower than the rate of the same age group collected after the nationwide MMR revaccination program.
We conclude that the national revaccination program has promoted effectively measles immunity in Taiwan. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Grippe, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Vaccination, Revaccination, Programme sanitaire, Taiwan, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Influenza, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Vaccination, Reimmunization, Sanitary program, Taiwan, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0120448
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 21/05/1997.