logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. Air pollution and mortality in East Berlin during the winters of 1981-1989.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    The relationship between air pollution and mortality in East Berlin was examined for the winters of 1981-1989.

    Methods

    Regression analysis included daily mean levels of sulphur dioxide (SO2) and suspended particulates (SP), and was controlled for temperature, humidity, week-day, month, and year.

    Moving averages of previous pollution were also used.

    Results

    Each pollutant was a significant contributor to excess mortality.

    The strongest association was found for mortality lagged for 2 days, which depended significantly on the level of SP (bêta for In SP=0.876 ; P=0.008) and SO2 (bêta for In SO2=0.635 ; P=0.012), when regressed separately.

    When omitting days with pollutant concentrations above 150 mug m-3, the pollutant-mortality relationship was linear, and a 100 mug m-3 increase was associated with a 6.1% (SP) and 4.5% (SO2) mortality increase 2 days later, when pollutants were considered separately ; this was reduced to 4.6% (SP) and 2.8% (SO2) increase, when both were considered simultaneously.

    Conclusions

    The results show that short-term associations between air pollutants and mortality in East Berlin did exist during the winters 1981-1989.

    Since the coefficients for SP and SO2 dropped when controlling for the other pollutant species, a similar strength of association with mortality for both pollutants was found.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution, Air, Santé et environnement, Mortalité, Hiver, 1980-1990, Soufre dioxyde, Facteur risque, Toxicité, Homme, Epidémiologie, Berlin Est, Allemagne, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pollution, Air, Health and environment, Mortality, Winter, 1980-1990, Sulfur dioxide, Risk factor, Toxicity, Human, Epidemiology, East Berlin, Germany, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0080504

    Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 21/05/1997.