The institutionalized elderly : dry to the bone !
The fluid intake of 57 elderly male and female patients, drawn from psychogeriatric, long-term care and geriatric admission units, was monitored.
The fluid intake was determined by direct observation and recording of fluids consumed by each subject over three 24-hour periods.
In all cases, regardless of the unit, level of dependency, cognitive or continence status, elderly patients received considerably less fluid than the recommended daily intake of 2000-2500 ml.
In the case of patients who were cognitively impaired, dependent and incontinent, fluid intake was less than patients who did not have these impediments.
Forty-seven nurses, working on the three units, completed a self-administered questionnaire on the fluid needs of elderly patients.
Generally, nurses'knowledge was inadequate in a number of areas such as the signs and complications of dehydration and the fluid requirements of the elderly.
A study of this size does not permit general conclusions to be drawn.
Nonetheless, if the results are indicative of current practice, nurses do not have a good knowledge of the fluid needs of the elderly, and the low level of fluid intake constitutes a form of neglect.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Eau, Prise boisson, Service hospitalier, Institution, Trouble cognition, Incontinence anale, Incontinence urinaire, Capacité fonctionnelle, Dépendance, Besoin, Vieillard, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Anorectale pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Water, Drinking, Hospital ward, Institution, Cognitive disorder, Anal incontinence, Urinary incontinence, Functional capacity, Dependence, Need, Elderly, Human, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Anorectal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0078824
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 21/05/1997.