Occupational diseases affect 15 to 20% of all Americans.
Cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) account for 56% of all occupational injuries.
The recognition and control of occupational injuries has become a major concern of employees, employers, medicine, and the federal government because of health risk and related costs.
Upper-extremity CTDs are identified by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health as one of the ten most significant occupational health problems in the United States.
It is estimated by the year 2000 that 50 cents on the dollar will be spent on CTDs.
Although enlightened aircraft employers have developed primary prevention strategies, primary prevention can never be expected to eliminate 100% of the cases.
To evaluate several preventive activities, a CTD risk-assessment program was Developed and implemented in cooperation with a major aircraft manufacturer employing over 8000 workers.
This program was focused on objectively identifying the relationship of work and other activities to an individual worker experiencing CTDs.
Early identification has been linked, when applicable, to intervention algorithms for medical care, job task modification, workplace accommodation, and training.
A prospective study group of212 workers who used rivet guns was plated into a four-way experimental design for ergonomic posture training, exercise training, and rivet-gun type (primary factors). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Récidive, Membre supérieur, Rachis, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Ergonomie, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Education santé, Posture, Employé, Industrie aéronautique, Médecine travail, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Relapse, Upper limb, Spine, Human, Occupational exposure, Ergonomics, Sanitary program, Prevention, Health education, Posture, Employee, Aeronautic industry, Occupational medicine, Diseases of the osteoarticular system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0076123
Code Inist : 002B16H. Création : 21/05/1997.