Worksite Barriers to the effective management of alcohol problems.
The purpose of this analysis is to describe barriers to workplace interventions in cases of alcohol abuse.
A survey of 7255 supervisors in 114 worksites across seven major corporations was completed (79% responded).
Information about barriers to intervention was elicited by 12 questions.
Cluster analysis revealed three analytically independent classes of barriers-Organizational, interpersonal, and Individual.
Most managers reported encountering some barriers to intervention : the extent of barriers perceived was related to characteristics of the worksite, job, and/or the environment.
Barriers were greatest for female managers, managers in larger worksites, and first-line supervisors.
Barriers were also related to the form (formal vs informal) of intervention a manager was willing to make.
Intervention strategies must take into account differences between company worksites and job levels, and not assume that policies are equally effective throughout the corporation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Programme sanitaire, Lieu travail, Prévention, Comportement, Perception sociale, Directeur, Cadre entreprise, Homme, Industrie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Sanitary program, Work place, Prevention, Behavior, Social perception, Director, Manager, Human, Industry
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0076115
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 21/05/1997.