Objectives-To investigate the possible influence of attendance at cultural events, reading books or periodicals, making music or singing in a choir as determinants for survival.
Design-A simple random sample was drawn of 15 198 individuals aged 16-74 years.
Of these, 85% (12 982) were interviewed by trained non-medical interviewers between 1982 and 1983 about cultural activities.
They were followed up with respect to survival until 31 December 1991.
Setting-Swedish interview survey of living conditions comprising a random sample of the adult Swedish population.
Subjects-12675 people interviewed between 1982 and 1983.
Main outcome measures-Survival of subjects after controlling for eight confounding variables : age, sex, education level, income, long term disease, social network, smoking, and physical exercise.
6301 men and 6374 women were followed up ; 533 men and 314 women died during this period.
The control variables influenced survival in the expected directions except for social network for men ; a significant negative effective was found when the analysis was made separately for men and women.
We found an influence on mortality when the eight control variables were controlled for in people who rarely attended events compared with those attending most often, the relative risk being 1.57 (95% confidence interval 1.18 to 2.09).
Conclusion-Attendance at cultural events may have a positive influence on survival. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Milieu culturel, Influence sociale, Lecture, Musique, Chant, Incidence, Dépistage, Facteur qualité, Prévention, Population active, Homme, Survie, Suédois, Condition équilibre, Politique sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cultural environment, Social influence, Reading, Music, Song, Incidence, Medical screening, Q factor, Prevention, Labour force, Human, Survival, Swedish, Equilibrium condition, Health policy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0075117
Code Inist : 002B30A02B. Création : 21/05/1997.