To determine whether the first five waves of English fundholding practices have reduced their prescribing costs relative to non-fundholding practices, and the duration of any reduction achieved.
Design-Analysis of item and cost data for all general practices in England in the six years from April 1990 to March 1996.
The practices of each of the first five waves were identified at the Prescription Pricing Authority.
Main outcome measures-Changes and rates of change in net ingredient cost per prescribing unit, and changes in number of items per prescribing unit in fundholding practices, before and after fundholding, relative to continuing non-fundholders.
Absolute prescribing costs increased over the six years, by 66% in the continuing non-fundholders and by 56-59% for fundholders.
Successive waves of fundholders showed a similar pattern of change : a small relative reduction in the pre-fundholding year, maximum relative reduction in the first year, and a declining relative reduction in the second and third years.
After this, their increases in costs were largely similar to those of non-fundholders.
The number of items dispensed remained stable over the six years in all groups.
Conclusions-The real budgets operated by fundholders were associated with a reduction in costs of about 6% relative to continuing non-fundholders, and this saving seemed to be retained during the study. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin généraliste, Prescription, Coût, Budget, Analyse statistique, Rapport coût bénéfice, Fonds, Fonctionnaire, Secteur privé, Evaluation, Etude comparative, Homme, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : General practitioner, Prescription, Costs, Budget, Statistical analysis, Cost benefit ratio, Library holdings, Civil servant, Private sector, Evaluation, Comparative study, Human, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0075041
Code Inist : 002B30A04B. Création : 21/05/1997.