In the absence of a medical cure for AIDS, HIV-infected individuals may seek alternative treatments that are consistent with cultural and social beliefs.
This paper examines beliefs about, and use of, folk healing practices by HIV-infected Hispanics receiving care at an HIV/AIDS clinic in inner-city New Jersey.
Anonymous individual interviews were conducted with 58 male and 18 female HIV-infected Hispanics aged 23-55, primarily of Puerto Rican origin (61%) or descent (29%). The majority of respondents believed in good and evil spirits (73.7%) ; among the 56 believers, 48% stated that the spirits had a causal role in their infection, either alone or in conjunction with the AIDS virus.
Two thirds of the respondents engaged in folk healing (spiritualism and/or santeria).
The main desired outcomes of folk healing included physical relief (44%), spiritual relief (40%), and protection from evil (26%). A number of respondents (n=9) stated that they hoped to effect a cure by engaging in folk healing.
These results indicate that health care professionals treating HIT/-positive Hispanics should be aware of the prevalence of folk beliefs and alternative healing practices in this population.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Latinoaméricain, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Comportement, Santé, Guérisseur, Médecine parallèle, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Spiritualité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Latinamerican, United States, North America, America, Behavior, Health, Healer, Alternative medicine, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0074454
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 21/05/1997.