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  1. Suicide and HIV infection : Mortality follow-up of 4147 HIV-seropositive military service applicants.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    - To examine the risk of suicide among individuals positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) following screening for evidence of HIV infection.

    Prior studies have reported a 7-to 36-fold increased risk of suicide for persons with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

    Design

    - Prospective cohort study.

    Setting

    - Military service applicants from throughout the United States.

    Main Outcome Measure

    - Death from suicide.

    Methods

    - The National Death Index was searched for mortality among 4147 HIV-positive military service applicants and 12437 HIV-negative applicants disqualified from military service due to other medical conditions (matched 1 : 3 on age, race, sex, and screening date and location) identified by the US Department of Defense between October 1985 and December 1993.

    Death certificates were obtained from individual states.

    Identifiers and HIV status of living applicants were known only by the Department of Defense.

    Results

    - The HIV-positive applicants were 92% male, 37% white, and 56% black.

    Median age was 24 years (range, 17-57 years).

    Median follow-up time was 70 months (range, 0-99 months).

    Ten HIV-positive (49 per 100 000 person-years) and 24 HIV-negative applicants (36 per 100 000 person-years) died of suicide (rate ratio [RR], 1.35 ; 95% confidence interval [Cl]=0.58-2.93).

    Suicide rates among both HIV-positive (RR, 2.08 ; 95% Cl, 1.00-3.82) and HIV-negative (RR, 1.67 ; 95% Cl, 1.07-2. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Suicide, Mortalité, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude cohorte, Etude comparative, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Suicide, Mortality, Incidence, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, United States, North America, America, Cohort study, Comparative study, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0072633

    Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 21/05/1997.