Alcohol use, driver, and crash characteristics among injured motorcycle drivers.
Motorcycle drivers have the highest frequency of alcohol use among all road users.
This study examines alcohol use among a large sample of injured motorcycle drivers and examines how crash characteristics differ with the use of alcohol.
Over 3000 motorcycle drivers who crashed between January 1,1991, and December 31,1992, were studied.
All fatally injured drivers in 11 California counties and a sample of nonfatally injured drivers treated in 28 hospitals were included in the study if a crash report and medical record were available.
Among drivers tested for alcohol use, 42% tested positive for the presence of alcohol.
Drinking drivers were more likely to be speeding and less likely to wear a helmet, and more frequently had single motorcycle crashes than nondrinking drivers.
Crash characteristics, but not alcohol use, were predictive of increased injury severity.
Alcohol use remains a significant factor in motorcycle crashes and is an important area for injury prevention efforts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Conducteur véhicule, Motocyclette, Alcoolémie, Accident circulation, Analyse corrélation, Epidémiologie, Résultat, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Vehicle driver, Motor cycle, Alcoholemia, Traffic accident, Correlation analysis, Epidemiology, Result, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0070504
Code Inist : 002B16M. Création : 21/05/1997.