In this study foreign-and Swedish-born individuals with diabetes mellitus were compared regarding prevalence and characteristics.
In a Swedish county 1,568 patients aged 20-64 years were identified, of whom 97.4% were included (143 foreign-and 1,384 Swedish-born) in the study of medical records.
There was no difference in prevalence of diabetes (1.4% (95% CI 1.2-1.7%) vs 1.5% (95% CI 1.4-1.6%)) but diagnosis at or after the age of 30 years was more common in foreign-born patients (p<0.001).
They were also less often treated with insulin (p<0.001), had shorter duration of diabetes (p<0.001), were more often classified as having a low social position in Sweden (p<0.001) and less often controlled in specialized diabetes care departments (p<0.001,18% vs 43%). There was a higher occurrence of albuminuria among foreign-born women (p<0.05).
No differences were found in glycaemic control, but low social position was related to poor glycaemic control independent of being foreign-or Swedish-bom, and it seems to be more important than place of birth.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète, Epidémiologie, Immigrant, Classe sociale, Statut socioéconomique, Faible, Glycémie, Surveillance, Prévalence, Suède, Europe, Homme, Endocrinopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diabetes mellitus, Epidemiology, Immigrant, Social class, Socioeconomic status, Low, Glycemia, Surveillance, Prevalence, Sweden, Europe, Human, Endocrinopathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0069998
Code Inist : 002B21E01A. Création : 21/05/1997.