Nursing staff responses to violent events in closed psychiatric wards : A comparison between attributional and cognitive-neo-associationistic analyses.
This paper examines the behavioural response of nursing staff in psychiatric wards to a patient's violent behaviour towards a staff member as a function of whether the patient's behaviour was presented as arbitrary or not.
The participants were 133 nurses.
They were given two vignettes describing an arbitrary and a non-arbitrary behaviour of a patient and were asked what the typical response in their ward to each event would be.
The results show that when the patient's behaviour was perceived as arbitrary, staff was believed to respond with a therapeutic reaction more frequently than to non-arbitrary behaviour.
Moreover, participants'professional characteristics played a greater role in the non-arbirrary scenario.
It is suggested that a therapeutic response to a patient's violent behaviour requires a recognition that the patient's behaviour is consistent with his/her role as a patient.
The implication of these results for Berkowitz & Heimer's (1989) cognitive-neo-associationistic analysis is discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Personnel sanitaire, Infirmier psychiatrique, Relation soignant soigné, Violence, Relation thérapeutique, Attribution sociale, Hôpital psychiatrique, Cognition sociale, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health staff, Psychiatric nurse, Health staff patient relation, Violence, Therapeutic relation, Social attribution, Psychiatric hospital, Social cognition, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0068012
Code Inist : 002B18H04. Création : 21/05/1997.