To evaluate the level of depressive symptoms among medical inpatients, and to examine the associations with sociodemographic, medical, and psychosocial characteristics.
A point prevalence study (1 day) of all adult medical patients hospitalized at Hadassah University Hospital.
Patients who were too incapacitated to be interviewed were excluded.
The questionnaire included sociodemographic data, social supports (MOS Social Support Scale), Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC), and depressive symptoms (CES-D scale).
Medical data were collected from the patients'charts.
Of the 331 eligible patients, 256 (77%) were interviewed.
The level of depressive symptoms was high (mean=21, s.d.=12).
About 60 percent of the patients had scores above 16, which is the suggested cut-off point for psychopathology.
A multifactorial analysis of covariance showed that higher scores of depression were significantly (p<0.01) associated with being a female, with lower scores of internal and higher scores of external health locus of control and only marginally (p=08) with medical diagnosis (multiple R2=33, multiple R=58).
Depressive symptoms were not associated with age, education, marital status, social supports, type of admission, ward, or length of stay prior to evaluation. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hospitalisation, Maladie, Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Israël, Asie, Sexe, Contrôle externe interne, Santé, Support social, Facteur risque, Démographie, Diagnostic, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospitalization, Disease, Depression, Mood disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Israel, Asia, Sex, Locus of control, Health, Social support, Risk factor, Demography, Diagnosis, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0065426
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 21/05/1997.