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  1. Blood benzene concentrations in workers exposed to oxygenated fuel in Fairbanks, Alaska.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    In November 1992 residents of Fairbanks, Alaska became concerned about the potential health effects of an oxygenated fuel program during which 15% (by volume) methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) was added to gasoline.

    To address those concerns, we earlier completed a survey of occupational exposure to MTBE.

    We conducted a follow-up survey of workers'exposure to benzene from gasoline in Fairbanks.

    Design 

    Cross-sectional exposure survey.

    Methods 

    We examined blood concentrations of benzene from a convenience sample of workers taken in December 1992 during the oxygenated fuel program and from another convenience sample of workers taken in February 1993 after the program was suspended.

    Results 

    In December, the median blood benzene concentration of samples taken from four mechanics after their workshift (postshift) was 1.32 mug/l (range, 0.84-2.61 mug/l) and seven nonmechanics (drivers and other garage workers) had a median postshift blood benzene concentration of 0.27 mug/l (range, 0.09-0.45 mug/l).

    In February, nine mechanics had a median postshift blood benzene concentration of 1.99 mug/l (range, 0.92-3.23 mug/l), and nine nonmechanics had a median postshift blood benzene concentration of 0.26 mug/l (range, 0.2-0.46 mug/l).

    Conclusion 

    Mechanics had higher blood benzene concentrations than did nonmechanics, but further study is needed to determine the impact of the oxygenated fuel program on exposure to benzene.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Gaz échappement, Essence, Exposition professionnelle, Benzène, Sang, Surveillance biologique, Homme, Alaska, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Médecine travail, Ether(t-butyl méthyl)

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Exhaust gas, Gasoline, Occupational exposure, Benzene, Blood, Biological monitoring, Human, Alaska, United States, North America, America, Occupational medicine

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0062523

    Code Inist : 002B03L04. Création : 21/05/1997.