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  1. Knowledge and practice of adverse drug reaction reporting by Belgian physicians.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To identify reasons for the underreporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to the Belgian Centre for Pharmacovigilance.

    Method

    Postal questionnaire to a random sample of 400 physicians selected among all Belgian physicians (Sample 1) and to a random sample 100 physicians among those having reported at least one ADR from September 1,1994 to April 30,1995 (Sample 2).

    Comparison is made to a similar survey carried out in the UK.

    Outcomes

    Physicians'understanding of the role, objectives and functioning of the reporting system, and their attitudes and practice when faced with ADRs.

    Results

    The response rate was 58.8% from Sample 1 and 95.0% from Sample 2. Of physicians in Sample 1,77%, 8% and 15% respectively had reported to the drug manufacturer only, the Belgian centre only or both.

    The main deterrants to reporting are 

    Lack of forms when needed (40%), too busy timetable (27%) and ignorance of how to report (22%). More than 11% of all respondants believed that only safe drugs are marketed.

    Although the objectives of the pharmacovigilance system are in general well understood, only 55% of physicians knew that reactions to vaccines should be reported.

    Conclusions

    There is a need for more adequate training and continuous education of medical students and health professionals as regards the objectives and scope of pharmacovigilance in Belgium.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Pharmacovigilance, Toxicité, Médicament, Médecin, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Enquête, Attitude, Comportement, Rôle professionnel, Belgique, Europe, Déclaration

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pharmacovigilance, Toxicity, Drug, Physician, Health staff, Human, Survey, Attitude, Behavior, Occupational role, Belgium, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0058527

    Code Inist : 002B02A06. Création : 21/05/1997.