This study examined whether, during a seven-year period of low A (H1N1) influenza virus antigenic drift (1988-1989 and 1994-1995, winters), humoral antibody response of elderly volunteers to influenza vaccines could suggest a lack of antibody pressure for drift.
In all the years studied A/Taiwan/1/86, the A (H1N1) vaccine component, had a low ability to induce protective hemagglutination-inhibiting (HI) antibody titres (= 1 : 40).
However a similar low immunogenicity was found for some of the different A (H3N2) strain variants of influenza virus, co-circulating in the same period and showing a regular extent of antigenic variations.
Although our data could be at least in part explained by the type of study population (elderly and repeatedly vaccinated), postepidemic serological studies did not evidence a consistently lower ability in mounting protective immune response in elderly people as compared with younger against the influenza strains studied.
Therefore, our present results did not exclude a true low immunogenicity of A/Taiwan and of some A (H3N2) influenza strains, circulating in the winters examined.
This suggests that, besides the necessity to evade prior immunity, additional factors could influence the frequency of influenza viruses antigenic drifts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Vaccination, Grippe, Virose, Infection, Immunogénicité, Réponse immune, Influenzavirus A, Influenzavirus, Orthomyxoviridae, Virus, Variation antigénique, Vieillard, Homme, Adulte jeune, Prévention, Italie, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vaccination, Influenza, Viral disease, Infection, Immunogenicity, Immune response, Influenzavirus A, Influenzavirus, Orthomyxoviridae, Virus, Antigenic variation, Elderly, Human, Young adult, Prevention, Italy, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0056620
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 21/05/1997.