A review of successful transport and home injury interventions to guide developing countries.
Injury is recognized as an increasing public health problem in developing countries.
Extensive research on injury control has been conducted in the U.S. and other industrialized countries in the past several decades, but research is still in its infancy in developing countries.
In this paper, successful interventions for transport and home injuries are reviewed in the context of the developing country setting.
The aim is to evaluate injury interventions developed in the industrialized countries and identify those likely to be usable in developing countries.
The evaluation criteria used include the efficacy of the interventions, as well as their affordability, feasibility and sustainability.
The review demonstrates that while several interventions are available in the field of injury prevention for developing countries to import, caution should be taken in doing this.
The use of automobile safety seat belts, bicyclist and motorcyclist helmets, speed limits, laws banning the sale of alcohol at lorry parks, pedestrian crossing signs, adequate roadway lighting, separation of pedestrians from vehicles, conspicuity-enhancement measures, simple safety equipment, and poison prevention packaging should be seriously considered by developing countries to reduce the morbidity and mortality from transport and home injuries. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Accident corporel, Accident circulation, A domicile, Prévention, Programme sanitaire, Niveau étude, Législation, Evaluation, Homme, Pays en développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Personal injury, Traffic accident, At home, Prevention, Sanitary program, Education level, Legislation, Evaluation, Human, Developing countries
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0056005
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 21/05/1997.