Japan's population is aging rapidly.
As in other developed countries, the establishment of a system of care for the elderly, especially for those suffering from dementia, has become an urgent issue.
As the role of welfare offices, which is to directly serve the people, has become increasingly important, the need to assess their use in terms of demographic factors has risen.
With respect to demographic factors, this study analyses the use of the welfare services by the demented elderly at city welfare offices in Japan from 1987 to 1989.
In December 1991, questionnaires were mailed to 670 city welfare offices nationwide, excluding those located in designated large cities and special wards in Tokyo.
Four-hundred and thirty-seven (65.2%) of the offices responded.
Offices located in areas with a relatively high percentage of elderly reported giving fewer counselling sessions and reported fewer people registered for or utilizing domiciliary welfare services than offices in areas with a relatively low percentage of elderly.
The differences between the two areas in the total amount of counselling, counselling cases at the welfare office, and respite-care for 1989 and day-care service registration were significant.
The Pearson's correlation coefficients for the percentage of elderly and these activities all showed negative values, except for home-help utilization in 1987 and 1989. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Travail social, Protection sociale, Service santé, Démence sénile, Evaluation, Besoin, Evolution, Vieillard, Homme, Utilisation, Système santé, Politique sanitaire, Japon, Asie, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Maladie dégénérative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social work, Welfare aids, Health service, Senile dementia, Evaluation, Need, Evolution, Elderly, Human, Use, Health system, Health policy, Japan, Asia, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Degenerative disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0056004
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 21/05/1997.