Little information is available about notifying individuals with a family history of cancer about their risk of cancer.
With the recent identification of BRCAI, an important predisposition gene for breast and ovarian cancer, genetic testing is becoming available to high-risk women and their families.
Some of these individuals may not be aware of their family history and may be notified of their family history by medical personnel or biomedical investigators.
This disclosure could be detrimental to the individual by changing their perception of risk, sense of privacy, or psychosocial well-being.
Members of 544 breast cancer families are currently being contacted as part of an epidemiologic follow-up study at the University of Minnesota.
Some family members were unaware of their relative's diagnosis and therefore, notification occurred when they were contacted by study personnel.
To determine the impact of risk notification in this context, 376 male and female relatives of 160 breast cancer probands were surveyed to assess their prior knowledge of their family history of cancer, issues relating to study participation, and their concerns regarding the possibility of developing cancer.
Following a telephone interview about family history, family members were administered a short, open-ended questionnaire.
The majority of individuals (82%) were blood relatives of the proband and 71% were either first-or second-degree relatives. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Etude familiale, Confidentialité, Vie privée, Information, Risque, Ethique, Questionnaire, Effet psychologique, Perception, Homme, Glande mammaire pathologie, Maladie héréditaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Family study, Confidentiality, Private life, Information, Risk, Ethics, Questionnaire, Psychological effect, Perception, Human, Mammary gland diseases, Genetic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0054903
Code Inist : 002B20E02. Création : 21/05/1997.