We use cost-effectiveness analysis to estimate the economic and health implications of approving the over-the-counter sale of oral antibiotics for treatment of urinary tract infection (UTI).
We consider two alternatives for over-the-counter availability and examine the reduced economic cost from avoided doctors'visits, along with the potential additional costs associated with higher over-the-counter treatment prices or increased use due to greater access.
We also consider important noneconomic costs such as reduced symptom days, restricted activity days, and growing resistance to antibiotics.
Our analysis covers a 20-year time horizon to capture the long-term effects, from a societal perspective, of a policy decision to place UTI treatment over the counter today.
In addition, we present sensitivity analyses to test the effects of the assumptions in our model.
We estimate that the economic costs of placing UTI treatment over the counter outweigh the benefits, unless there is extensive patient education and a mechanism for allowing patients to properly self-diagnose to reduce markedly the number of doctors'visits, mistreated symptoms, and threat of resistance to antibiotics.
Only if doctors'visits were reduced to 64.6% of current levels would the economic benefits of over-the-counter treatment begin to be realized.
UTI is one of the most common complaints among women and accounts for a large number of doctor visits each year. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Voie urinaire pathologie, Infection, Antibiotique, Résistance, Traitement, Chimiothérapie, Analyse coût efficacité, Homme, Automédication, Economie santé, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Vente libre
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Urinary tract disease, Infection, Antibiotic, Resistance, Treatment, Chemotherapy, Cost efficiency analysis, Human, Self prescription, Health economy, United States, North America, America, Urinary system disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0054493
Code Inist : 002B02S01. Création : 21/05/1997.