The main objective of the study was to examine the role of selected socio-occupational factors on the development of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) in the urban population of Lodz, Poland.
An epidemiological model of the case-control study was employed.
Both the cases and controls were recruited from the female population covered by obstetric services in district hospitals during 1 January-30 June 1992.
A group of cases included 92 females who delivered IUGR children, the control group - 438 mothers of thern born eutrophic babies.
The presence of the relationship between IUGR manifestation and selected variables was initially assessed using the unadjusted odds ratio (OR).
The variables described as significant were considered in the logistic regressions models, separately for all women and those with previous pregnancies.
A comparison of the groups of cases and controls has revealed a significant excess of risk of delivering an IUGR child by mothers with the following characteristics : marital status - single, low educational level, low height (less than 1.60 m), low prepregnancy weight and low maternal weight gain.
An elevated risk of delivering an IUGR child was found in the group of women who reported to have their first contact with the physician after 12 weeks of pregnancy.
An adverse effect of prolonged vaginal bleeding was observed. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypotrophie foetale, Epidémiologie, Femme, Homme, Milieu urbain, Facteur risque, Statut socioéconomique, Démographie, Mode de vie, Emploi, Pologne, Europe, Gestation pathologie, Foetus pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fetal hypotrophy, Epidemiology, Woman, Human, Urban environment, Risk factor, Socioeconomic status, Demography, Life habit, Employment, Poland, Europe, Pregnancy disorders, Fetal diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0052841
Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 21/05/1997.