This article describes the results of a community-based study to determine the effect of family knowledge and attitudes on the immunization rates of a random sample of children younger than 2 years in the poorest census tracts of Baltimore.
The two sources of data were (1) parent interviews that provided data on knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs related to immunization and sociodemographic characteristics, and (2) medical record audits from which data on immunization status were obtained.
The protection motivation theory, a model of behavioral change, was used to select the variables to assess the relation of parental attitudes with immunization status.
A multivariate logistic regression analysis included only variables found to be significantly associated with immunization outcome in the preliminary analysis.
Mothers were well informed and generally had favorable attitudes toward immunizations.
Immunization status was more strongly associated with the sociodemographic characteristics of the children than with the protection motivation theory variables.
Only two protection motivation theory variables were associated with more than one immunization outcome. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Calendrier vaccination, Echec, Nourrisson, Homme, Enfant, Parent, Attitude, Connaissance, Facteur risque, Pauvreté, Milieu urbain, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vaccination schedule, Failure, Infant, Human, Child, Parent, Attitude, Knowledge, Risk factor, Poverty, Urban environment, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0051098
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 21/05/1997.