Annual meeting of the Western Trauma Association. Alta, Wyoming (USA), 1996/02/26.
To determine the nature and causes of gun violence among urban young people.
We conducted a confidential survey of 1,219 7th and 10th graders in Boston and Milwaukee, regarding their attitudes and behaviors toward violence and handguns.
Twenty-nine percent have had a member of their immediate family shot, 42% could get a gun if they wanted, 28% have handled a gun without adult knowledge or supervision, 17% have carried a concealed gun, and 3% reported bringing a gun to school in the past 30 days.
Nine percent admitted smoking cigarettes in the past week, 11% admitted smoking marijuana.
Twenty-five percent were attacked or threatened within the past year.
Reasons for gun carrying were mostly related to perceived safety/threats/revenge (73%), followed by casual handling (17%), hunting (4%), being cool (3%), target practice (2%), and gangs (1%). The following factors were significantly correlated with gun handling by khi2 analysis, at p<0.001 (percentage of respondents admitting unsupervised gun handling shown in parentheses) :
male (39%) versus female (19%) ;
10th graders (35%) versus 7th graders (24%) seat-belt nonusers (35%) versus users (20%) ;
students who state they have poor grades (39%) versus good grades (26%) ;
cigarette smokers (61%) versus nonsmokers (25%) ;
have a gun in the home (46%) versus no gun in the home (23%). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Comportement, Adolescent, Homme, Violence, Arme, Analyse corrélation, Test statistique, Test khi deux, Facteur risque, Milieu urbain, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Behavior, Adolescent, Human, Violence, Weapon, Correlation analysis, Statistical test, Chi square test, Risk factor, Urban environment, United States, North America, America
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0045943
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 21/05/1997.