Organ transplantation has become the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage organ failure and has led to progressive increases in the size of waiting lists over the past decade.
Unfortunately, from 1990 to 1994, the number of organ donors remained stable while the number of organs transplanted from these donors increased by only 10%. In view of the severity of the current organ shortage, elderly individuals are increasingly being accepted as organ donors.
The graft survival rate with kidneys from donors older than 55 years is 5% lower than that with kidneys from younger donors at 1 year and 9% lower at 3 years post-transplantation.
Graft survival is also significantly lower with organs from donors who die from cerebrovascular accidents than it is with organs from donors whose cause of death is cerebral trauma.
The number of patients waiting for a nonrenal donor organ has increased rapidly in the past 5 years, and an increasing number of donor kidneys are now being provided by multiorgan donors.
The favorable graft survival rate with multiorgan donor kidneys, which is significantly better than that obtained with single organ donor kidneys, confirms their suitability for renal transplantation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Transplantation, Organe, Evolution, Demande, Offre, Donneur, Age, Motivation, Résultat, Etude statistique, Homme, Chirurgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Transplantation, Organ, Evolution, Demand, Offer, Donor, Age, Motivation, Result, Statistical study, Human, Surgery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0044614
Code Inist : 002B27C. Création : 21/05/1997.