The objectives of this effort were to summarize and critique original economic assessments of clinical pharmacy services published from 1988-1995, and to make recommendations for future work in this area.
A literature search was conducted to identify articles that were then blinded and randomly assigned to reviewers to confirm inclusion, abstract information, and assess the quality of study design.
The 104 articles fell into four main categories based on type of service described : disease state management (4%), general pharmacotherapeutic monitoring (36%), pharmacokinetic monitoring services (13%), and targeted drug programs (47%). Articles were categorized by type of evaluation ; 35% were considered outcome analyses, 32% outcome descriptions, and 18% full economic analyses.
A majority (89%) of the studies reviewed described positive financial benefits from the clinical services evaluated ; however, many (68%) did not include the input costs of providing the clinical service as part of the evaluation.
Studies that were well conducted were most likely to demonstrate positive results.
Commonly, results were expressed as net savings or costs avoided for a given time period or per patient.
Seven studies expressed results as a benefit : cost ratio (these ranged from 1.08 : 1 to 75.84 : 1, mean 16.70 : 1).
Overall this body of literature contains a wealth of information pertinent to the value of the clinical practice of pharmacy. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Evaluation, Economie santé, Coût, Service hospitalier, Hôpital, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Pharmacie clinique, Pharmacie hospitalière
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Evaluation, Health economy, Costs, Hospital ward, Hospital, United States, North America, America, Hospital pharmacy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0044532
Code Inist : 002B30A04B. Création : 21/05/1997.