Drug and alcohol abuse : The pattern and magnitude of the problem.
International conference on health, safety and environment in oil and gas exploration and production. New Orleans LA (USA), 1996/06/09.
In the last 12 months, many more cases of alcohol and drug (substance) abuse in the workplace were seen in the Escravos operations of Chevron Nigeria Limited than in previous years.
This called the attention to the rising prevalence of drug and alcohol abuse in contradistinction to reports from similar organizations in other parts of the world.
Chevron Nigeria has a written Drug and Alcohol Policy which has been dormant for some time because of the apparent rarity of the problem of substance abuse in the workplace.
This Policy is being reviewed to broaden its scope and make it more effective.
A total of 30 employees were tested for drugs and alcohol. 6 exceeded the legal limits of Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) and 5 tested positive for drugs.
Tests were mainly post-accident, reasonable cause and random.
The common substances abused were alcohol, cannabis, cocaine and morphine in that order.
The findings are compared with those of similar organizations in UK and USA.
Efforts to control substance abuse in the workplace are being put into place.
Mots-clés Pascal : Industrie pétrolière, Condition travail, Médecine travail, Hygiène travail, Substance toxicomanogène, Boisson alcoolisée
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Oil industry, Working condition, Occupational medicine, Occupational hygiene, Drug of abuse, Alcoholic beverage
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0043451
Code Inist : 001D06A02. Création : 21/05/1997.