Prevalence of visual disorders in Chinese schoolchildren.
We performed a vision screening of 1883 Chinese schoolchildren from 4 schools around Kuala Lumpur in June 1990.
The group contained 1083 males and 800 females.
Visual acuity, refractive error, oculomotor balance, and axial length were measured.
The prevalence of myopia in Chinese schoolchildren was found to be 37% in the 6-to 12-year age group and 50% in the 13-to 18-year age group.
Approximately 63% of the sample had unaided visual acuity of 6/6 or better and 24% had unaided acuity of 6/12 or worse.
Six hundred twenty-five students (33%) failed the vision screening test and were referred for further examinations.
The group which failed the vision screening test and had the highest rate of referral (46%) was the 11-to 12-year-old age group.
The most common visual disorder was uncorrected myopia, accounting for 38% of the referrals (235 students).
Only 26% of the sample were wearing a spectacle correction.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Trouble vision, Prévalence, Chine, Asie, Epidémiologie, Oeil pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child, Human, School age, Vision disorder, Prevalence, China, Asia, Epidemiology, Eye disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0042930
Code Inist : 002B09K. Création : 21/05/1997.