To describe the perceived quality of life and functional status of women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during the antenatal, perinatal, and postpartum periods.
Medical Outcome survey-short Form questionnaires were completed during antenatal visits, 24 hours after delivery, and 6 months postpartum by 21 HIV-positive women and 21 HIV-negative controls matched for age, race, parity, and education.
The Medical Outcome Survey-Short Form measures subject perceptions of overall health, pain, physical role, social and cognitive function, mental health, energy/fatigue, health distress, quality of life, and health transition.
Median scores between 0 and 100 (with 0 indicating poorest health) were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank and Kruskal Wallis/Dunn tests.
All HIV-positive patients were asymptomatic ; the median CD4 count was 386 on entry into the study.
Seropositive patients reported increased health distress (50.0 versus 87.5 ; P<. 001) and worse health transition (60.0 versus 80.0 ; P=01) during antenatal visits.
During the perinatal period, HIV-negative patients had a decreased sense of overall health (40 versus 80 ; P<. 001) and worse health transition (40.0 versus 60.0 ; P=04).
Six months postpartum, the HIV-positive women reported decreased cognitive function (41.7 versus 62.5 ; P<. 005) and worse social function (33.3 versus 66.7 ; P=02). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Gestation, Qualité vie, Postpartum, Prénatal, Enquête opinion, Evaluation, Perception sociale, Femme, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Pregnancy, Quality of life, Puerperium, Prenatal, Opinion inquiry, Evaluation, Social perception, Woman, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0042632
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 21/05/1997.