Quality of life assessment in pregnant women with the human immunodeficiency virus.
To describe the perceived quality of life and functional status of women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during the antenatal, perinatal, and postpartum periods.
Medical Outcome survey-short Form questionnaires were completed during antenatal visits, 24 hours after delivery, and 6 months postpartum by 21 HIV-positive women and 21 HIV-negative controls matched for age, race, parity, and education.
The Medical Outcome Survey-Short Form measures subject perceptions of overall health, pain, physical role, social and cognitive function, mental health, energy/fatigue, health distress, quality of life, and health transition.
Median scores between 0 and 100 (with 0 indicating poorest health) were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank and Kruskal Wallis/Dunn tests.
All HIV-positive patients were asymptomatic ; the median CD4 count was 386 on entry into the study.
Seropositive patients reported increased health distress (50.0 versus 87.5 ; P<. 001) and worse health transition (60.0 versus 80.0 ; P=01) during antenatal visits.
During the perinatal period, HIV-negative patients had a decreased sense of overall health (40 versus 80 ; P<. 001) and worse health transition (40.0 versus 60.0 ; P=04).
Six months postpartum, the HIV-positive women reported decreased cognitive function (41.7 versus 62.5 ; P<. 005) and worse social function (33.3 versus 66.7 ; P=02). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Gestation, Qualité vie, Postpartum, Prénatal, Enquête opinion, Evaluation, Perception sociale, Femme, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Pregnancy, Quality of life, Puerperium, Prenatal, Opinion inquiry, Evaluation, Social perception, Woman, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0042632
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 21/05/1997.