We analysed the cases of lumbar kyphosis in 151 (21%) of a series of 719 patients with myelomeningocele.
Three different types were distinguished : paralytic, sharp-angled and congenital.
In a cross-sectional and partly longitudinal study the size and magnitude of the kyphosis, the apex of the curve and the level of paralysis of each group were recorded and statistically analysed.
Paralytic kyphosis (less than 90° at birth) occurred in 44.4% and increased linearly during further development.
Sharp-angled kyphosis (90° or more at birth) was present in 38.4% and also showed a linear progression.
In both types, progression seemed to depend also on the level of paralysis.
Congenital kyphosis occurred in 13.9% and we could find no significant factor which correlated with progression.
Mots-clés Pascal : Myéloméningocèle, Homme, Complication, Cyphose, Rachis lombaire, Paralysie, Incidence, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Diagnostic, Biométrie, Angle, Evolution, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Moelle épinière pathologie, Maladie congénitale, Malformation, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Déformation, Trouble moteur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Myelomeningocele, Human, Complication, Kyphosis, Lumbar spine, Paralysis, Incidence, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Biometrics, Angle, Evolution, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Spinal cord disease, Congenital disease, Malformation, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Deformation, Motor system disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0041666
Code Inist : 002B17D. Création : 21/05/1997.