Complementary medicine (CM) is employed in all Industrialized countries to varying extents.
At present, data on the effectiveness, safety, and costs of such treatments are incomplete.
At the same time, we know very little about the characteristics and motivations of patients seeking aid in CM.
The aim of the present study was to establish differences between patients who use CM and those who prefer mainstream medical treatments.
Standardized interview by questionnaire (168 items) with 419 patients divided into 2 groups (patients using CM/patients not using CM) in the offices of general practitioners and internists qualified or not qualified to offer CM therapies (additional qualification : practitioner of natural medicine).
The statistical comparison of the 2 groups was effected by Student's t test, Wilcoxon U test, and Chi square test, and significance levels were defined.
CM users differ considerably from patients not using CM.
This applies not only to sociodemographic and illness-related data, but also to psychological makeup and lifestyle.
Differences have also been found between the 2 groups in terms of doctor-patient relationship.
Research in this area needs to be intensified in view of the large number of CM users, the lack of proof of efficacy, and the insufficient knowledge of the risks and costs entailed in CM therapies.
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine parallèle, Impact socioéconomique, Relation médecin malade, Effet psychologique, Etude comparative, Besoin utilisateur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alternative medicine, Socioeconomical impact, Physician patient relation, Psychological effect, Comparative study, User need
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0040403
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 21/05/1997.