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  1. Influence of blunt needles on surgical glove perforation and safety for the surgeon. Discussion. Closing.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Southwestern Surgical Congress. Annual Meeting. Scottsdale, Arizona (USA), 1996/04/28.

    BACKGROUND 

    Round-tipped blunt needle (BN) may decrease the risk of needlestick injuries and hand contamination.

    We prospectively determined the incidence of glove perforations in emergency abdominal procedures and the efficacy of BN in increasing the safety for surgeons.

    METHODS 

    Two hundred patients were randomized to undergo closure of the abdominal fascia using sharp needle (SN) or BN.

    Gloves were tested at the end of the procedure.

    RESULTS 

    Surgeons had 14 needlestick injuries and 76 perforations recorded in 69 pair of gloves.

    Sharp needles were responsible for all injuries and 58 (76%) perforations (P<0.00004 and P<0.00001, respectively).

    This difference was still higher when considering the perforations related to the abdominal fascia closure (BN 7% versus SN 50% ; P<0.0006).

    CONCLUSION 

    The risk of glove perforation is sevenfold greater if SN are used.

    Blunt needles reduce sharp injuries and improve safety for surgeons.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Effet biologique, Utilisation, Aiguille, Extrémité, Corps émoussé, Taux risque, Perforation, Gant, Chirurgien, Etude statistique, Homme, Médecine travail, Equipement biomédical

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Biological effect, Use, Needle, End, Blunt body, Risk rate, Perforation, Glove, Surgeon, Statistical study, Human, Occupational medicine, Biomedical equipment

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0035781

    Code Inist : 002B25M. Création : 21/05/1997.