Health care workers are at occupational risk for a vast array of infections that cause substantial illness and occasional deaths.
Despite this, few studies have examined the incidence, prevalence, or exposure-associated rates of infection or have considered infection-specific interventions recommended to maintain worker safety.
To review all recent reports of occupationally acquired infection in health care workers in order to characterize the type and frequency of infections, the recommended interventions, and the costs of protecting workers.
Part I of this two-part review focuses on the historical and ethical aspects of the problem and reviews data on infections caused by specific airborne organisms.
A MEDLINE search and examination of infectious disease and infection control journals.
All English-language articles and meeting abstracts published between January 1983 and February 1996 related to occupationally acquired infections among health care workers were reviewed.
Outbreak-and non-outbreak-associated incidence and prevalence rates were derived, as were costs to prevent, control, and treat infections in health care workers.
More than 15 airborne infections have been transmitted to health care workers, including tuberculosis, varicella, measles, influenza, and respiratory syncytial virus infection.
Outbreak-associated attack rates range from 15% to 40%. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Maladie professionnelle, Equipe soignante, Contamination, Air, Article synthèse, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Occupational disease, Health care staff, Contamination, Air, Review, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0035494
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 21/05/1997.