Quality of life following transplantation of the heart, liver, and lungs.
The purpose of this study was to describe the quality of life of patients who have received a transplant of the heart, liver, and lungs.
We wished to document how the different patient groups fared in relation to each other with respect to physical, psychological, and social functioning, as well as in relation to published normative data.
We also wished to identify factors that contribute to better functioning.
We sent out a questionnaire by mail and received responses from 55 heart, 149 liver, and 59 lung transplant recipients (82% response rate).
Measures included the SF-36, Mental Health Inventory, the State Anxiety Inventory, the UCLA Loneliness Scale-Revised, a quality of life measure that rated degree of improvement since transplantation, a measure of degree of difficulty in following medical and lifestyle regimens, sleep disturbance, and the Illness Intrusiveness Rating Scale.
Results indicated that lung transplant patients reported better functioning than heart or liver transplant patients in all three domains of physical, psychological, and social functioning.
Lung patients'level of functioning was equivalent to or better than published norms for the SF-36.
Heart and liver recipients reported equivalent functioning to published norms in some domains, but reported impairment in the areas of physical and social functioning. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Homotransplantation, Coeur, Foie, Poumon, Coping, Qualité vie, Comportement social, Trouble psychiatrique, Observance thérapeutique, Comportement, Santé, Receveur, Homme, Epidémiologie, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Transplantation, Chirurgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Homotransplantation, Heart, Liver, Lung, Coping, Quality of life, Social behavior, Mental disorder, Treatment compliance, Behavior, Health, Recipient, Human, Epidemiology, Canada, North America, America, Transplantation, Surgery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0034559
Code Inist : 002A26N03B. Création : 21/05/1997.