This study sought to evaluate the association of drug use with disability in a representative sample of the US household population.
The use of illicit drugs and alcohol reported by respondents in the 1991 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse with who identified themselves as « disabled, unable to work » was compared with respondents without disabilities.
Among younger adults (18-24 years), persons with disabilities were more likely than those without disabilities to report that they had heroin (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=6.89 ; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.35 ; 35.1) or crack cocaine (OR=6.38 ; 95% CI=1.05,38.6).
Among older adults (35 years and older), persons with disabilities were more likely to report the use of sedatives (OR=2.46 ; 95% CI=1.21,4.94) or tranquilizers (OR=2.18 ; 95% CI=1.08 ; 4.42) not medically prescibed.
These results suggest that use of illicit drugs is a potentially serious problem among persons with disabilities and requires both reseach and clinical attention.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Substance toxicomanogène, Handicap, Facteur risque, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Drug of abuse, Handicap, Risk factor, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0032170
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 21/05/1997.