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  1. Fulltext. Burmese political dissidents in Thailand : Trauma and survival among young adults in exile.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study assessed the self-reported mental health, physical health, and social functioning of young adult political exiles and relates their psychiatric symptoms to their trauma and survival strategies.

    Methods

    A 1992/93 survey of Burmese who fled to Bangkok, Thailand, after participating in a 1988 uprising against Burma's government elicited information on employment, education, disability, trauma, survival strategies, and depressive and post-traumatic stress symptoms.

    Results

    The 104 participants reported a mean of 30 trauma events, including interrogation (89%), imprisonment (78%), threats of deportation (70%), and torture (38%). Many reported poor health and lack of social supports, but few reported substantial social disability.

    The prevalence of elevated symptom scores was 38% for depressive symptoms and 23% for criterion symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder.

    Symptoms of avoidance and of increased arousal were the most strongly related to cumulative trauma.

    Two survival strategies, camaraderie and a Buddhist concept of self-confidence (weria), were associated with somewhat reduced levels of both classes of symptoms.

    Conclusions

    Burmese political exiles in Thailand are young adults adversely affected by severe trauma.

    Their psychosocial well-being may deteriorate further without legal protections to reduce the continuing stress and violence.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Réfugié, Politique, Immigrant, Santé mentale, Trouble psychiatrique, Comportement social, Traumatisme, Violence, Adulte jeune, Homme, Thaïlande, Asie, Myanmar

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Refugee, Policy, Immigrant, Mental health, Mental disorder, Social behavior, Trauma, Violence, Young adult, Human, Thailand, Asia, Myanmar

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0032167

    Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 21/05/1997.