The adipose tissue carotenoid (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, and lycopene) and retinol levels and their predictors were determined in 686 male and 339 female middle-aged and elderly subjects from eight European countries and Israel during the years 1991 to 1992.
Adipose tissue carotenoid levels in men were 50-76% of those in women, whereas the retinol level in men was 116% of that in women (p<0.001).
When all significant predictors of antioxidant levels were considered in men, waist circumference was shown to be an independent predictor of adipose tissue alpha-carotene ; age, waist circumference, and alcohol use were independent predictors of beta-carotene ; age, body mass index, and waist circumference were predictors of lycopene ; and waist circumference, smoking, and alcohol consumption were predictors of retinol.
In the same way, in women waist circumference was shown to be an independent predictor of alpha-carotene level, BMI was a predictor of beta-carotene, smoking was a predictor of retinol, and alcohol consumption was a predictor of lycopene.
The observed association of age with beta-carotene was positive, that with lycopene was inverse, and those of body mass index and waist circumference with the antioxidant levels were inverse.
Alcohol use was inversely associated with beta-carotene level, and smoking and alcohol use were positively associated with retinol and lycopene levels. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Caroténoïde, Rétinol, Lycopène, Tissu adipeux, Antioxydant, Taux, Prédicteur, Tabagisme, Consommation alimentaire, Boisson alcoolisée, Indice masse corporelle, Lipide, Indicateur, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Europe, Israël, Asie, Pathogénie, Tumeur maligne, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carotenoid, Retinol, Adipose tissue, Antioxidant, Rate, Predictor, Tobacco smoking, Food intake, Alcoholic beverage, Body mass index, Lipids, Indicator, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, Europe, Israel, Asia, Pathogenesis, Malignant tumor, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0032133
Code Inist : 002B12B06. Création : 21/05/1997.