Initiation of prenatal care by low-income Hispanic women in Houston.
To understand why many Hispanic women begin prenatal care in the later stages of pregnancy.
The authors compared the demographic profile, insurance status, and health beliefs-including the perceived benefits of and barriers to initiating prenatal care-of low-income Hispanic women who initiated prenatal care at different times during pregnancy or received no prenatal care.
A perception of many barriers to care was associated with later initiation of care and non-use of care.
Perceiving more benefits of care for the baby was associated with earlier initiation of care, as was having an eligibility card for hospital district services.
Several barriers to care were mentioned by women on open-ended questioning, including long waiting times, embarrassment the physical examination, and lack oftransportation.
Recommendations for practice included decreasing the number of visits for women at low risk for poor pregnancy outcomes while increasing the time spent with the provider at each visit, decreasing the number of vaginal examinations for low risk women, increasing the use of midwives, training lay workers to do risk assessment, emphasizing specific messages about benefits to the baby, and increasing general health motivation to seek preventive care through community interventions.
Mots-clés Pascal : Surveillance, Prénatal, Gestation, Pauvreté, Revenu, Faible, Epidémiologie, Accessibilité, Femme, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Espagnol
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Surveillance, Prenatal, Pregnancy, Poverty, Tempering, Low, Epidemiology, Accessibility, Woman, Human, United States, North America, America, Spanish
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0031654
Code Inist : 002B20G01. Création : 21/05/1997.