The prevalence and quality of depression (Geriatric Depression Scale), were studied in groups of cognitively impaired patients referred for neuropsychological assessment from a short-term assessment ward (Group A), and from long-term care wards (Group B).
Cognitively intact assessment ward patients served as a comparison group (Group C) to control for effects of hospitalization on mood.
The prevalence of depression did not differ for the cognitively impaired short-term assessment and long-term care groups.
However, cognitively impaired patients in Group A had a higher prevalence of depression than cognitively intact patients in Group C. GDS scores did not correlate with measures of severity of cognitive impairment or of self-care disability in Groups A and B, although elevated GDS scores were significantly correlated with higher Verbal IQ scores in these groups.
Analysis of individual GDS item responses suggested that depression in cognitively impaired elderly tends to be characteristic of adjustment disorder rather than Major Depression.
Mots-clés Pascal : Association morbide, Trouble cognition, Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Capacité fonctionnelle, Aptitude intellectuelle, Quotient intellectuel, Intelligence verbale, Indice gravité, Vieillard, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Concomitant disease, Cognitive disorder, Depression, Mood disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Functional capacity, Intellectual ability, Intelligence quotient, Verbal intelligence, Severity score, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0030873
Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 21/05/1997.