A prospective study of 287 patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA), including polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and temporal arteritis (TA), was conducted during 1987-1994.
All patients were evaluated prior to the start of drug treatment.
During the same period, 31 patients with GCA, of whom 12 cases had TA. were admitted to other departments in the hospital.
At onset of disease, all patients were =50 yr of age.
Peripheral arthritis was found in 24.4% of patients with PMR, while none of the patients with TA exhibited such manifestations.
Clinical features at onset of disease differed from those appearing at presentation to the hospital.
Thus, the gradual development of a full-blown clinical picture may be responsible for the delay in diagnosis of GCA.
The majority of cases (80%) presented with « pure » PMR without clinical signs or symptoms of concomitant TA.
In a random sample of 68 patients with'pure'PMR, histological examinations of biopsy specimens of the temporal artery revealed inflammatory changes in three patients only (4.4%). Consequently, arterial biopsy in patients with clinical features of PMR only. appears to be unnecesary.
Among patients with TA referred to the department of internal medicine, general malaise, loss of weight and sustained fever were prominent manifestations.
Such features may thus necessitate a diagnostic arterial biopsy even in the absence of clinical arteritis or myalgia.
Both ESR and CRP were within normal levels in 1.2% of the cases. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pseudopolyarthrite rhizomélique, Homme, Horton maladie, Artérite, Cellule géante, Epidémiologie, Norvège, Europe, Symptomatologie, Diagnostic, Association morbide, Etude cohorte, Nosologie, Chronique, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rhumatisme inflammatoire, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Vascularite, Maladie système
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Polymyalgia rheumatica, Human, Giant cell arteritis, Arteritis, Giant cell, Epidemiology, Norway, Europe, Symptomatology, Diagnosis, Concomitant disease, Cohort study, Nosology, Chronic, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Inflammatory joint disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Vasculitis, Systemic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0017377
Code Inist : 002B15D. Création : 21/05/1997.