The direct recycling of plastics (food grade plastic to food grade plastic) obviously gives rise to possible health hazards.
Contaminants, picked up by the material during first usage, may migrate into food during second use.'Functional barrier'layers have been used for a long time (e.g. aluminium, silica and silicates), but there is now considerable research and development on'barrier'layers of plastics for the purpose.
For technological and regulatory reasons, use of the same plastic in virgin form as the recyclate is favoured.
A theoretical study shows that such a layer, in general, must function more as a sponge than a barrier.
Moreover, in general, migration into and through the barrier must start at manufacture of the package, and not at containment of the food (as assumed in all legislation).
Although in some instances there may be adequate delay and reduction of migration to ensure safety, this is not so in general and certainly cannot be guaranteed.
Hence the concept needs reconsideration in the interest of public safety.
Mots-clés Pascal : Emballage, Matériau barrière, Polymère, Fonctionnalisation, Utilisation, Alimentation, Diffusion
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Packaging, Barrier material, Polymer, Functionalization, Use, Feeding, Diffusion
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0013344
Code Inist : 001D10A08. Création : 21/05/1997.