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  1. Small area statistics as markers for personal social status in the Scottish heart health study.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To evaluate a deprivation index, calculated from small area statistics for postcode sectors, as a measure of individual social status in an epidemiological study of coronary heart disease (CHD).

    Design

    A baseline, cross sectional survey.

    Setting

    Twenty two local authority districts of Scotland surveyed between 1984 and 1986.

    Subjects

    A total of 10 359 men and women aged 40-59 years randomly selected to the Scottish heart health study.

    Main results

    The Scottish deprivation categorisation, derived from small area statistics, exhibits a strong linear trend (p=0.001 or below) for individual prevalent CHD for men and women, unadjusted, and adjusted for major cardiovascular risk factors.

    The degree of association with CHD is similar to that for measures of social class based upon occupation.

    Conclusions

    The Scottish deprivation categorisation is an effective measure of individual social status in the current study, broadly comparable in its effect with the more traditional classification derived from occupations.

    The latter has important problems in definition, especially for women.

    Small area statistics may provide a useful marker of individual social status in a more general epidemiological setting.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie coronaire, Indicateur, Privation, Statut socioéconomique, Statut social, Epidémiologie, Homme, Statistique, Echelon local, Classification, Ecosse, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Appareil circulatoire pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Coronary heart disease, Indicator, Deprivation, Socioeconomic status, Social status, Epidemiology, Human, Statistics, Local scope, Classification, Scotland, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Cardiovascular disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0009484

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 21/05/1997.