Combined effects of acute lead acetate exposure and tone exposure of the guinea pig cochlea.
Lead acetate exposure to humans can induce various disorders of the cranial nerves.
Although vertigo and sensorineural deafness have been reported in lead workers, the dose effects of lead acetate on the cochlea and eighth cranial nerve are not well documented.
We investigated the effects of lead acetate on the male albino Hartley guinea pig cochlea by measuring cochlear microphonics (CM), whole nerve action potential (AP), endocochlear potential (EP) and K+ion concentration of the endolymph.
Animals were given lead acetate by intraperitoneal injection as 20 mg/week for 4 consecutive weeks.
A total dose<80 mg did not induce electrophysiological changes in the cochlea.
However, the AP output voltage (N1) decreased if the 80 mg lead acetate treatment was followed by an 80 dB tone exposure at 6 kHz during 24 h. A change was observed in CM and EP but not K+ion concentration in the scala media.
Mots-clés Pascal : Plomb, Acétate, Composé minéral, Toxicité, Intoxication, Oreille interne, Saturnisme, Effet biologique, Cochlée, Neuropathie périphérique, Bruit, Synergie, Potassium ion, Potentiel cochléaire, Potentiel microphonique, Etude expérimentale, Animal, Cobaye, Rodentia, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Voie intrapéritonéale, Médecine travail, Oreille pathologie, ORL pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie, Nerf périphérique pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lead, Acetate, Inorganic compound, Toxicity, Poisoning, Inner ear, Saturnism, Biological effect, Cochlea, Peripheral neuropathy, Noise, Synergism, Potassium ion, Cochlear potential, Microphonic potential, Experimental study, Animal, Guinea pig, Rodentia, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Intraperitoneal administration, Occupational medicine, Ear disease, ENT disease, Nervous system diseases, Peripheral nerve disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0006920
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 21/05/1997.